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example of control account

Companies using a control account typically post balances from the subsidiary ledgers daily to make sure that they’re always in balance. A control account for her business is the general ledger account entitled Accounts Receivable. Typically, this includes total credit sales for a day, total collections from customers for a day, total returns and allowances for a day, and the total amount owed by all customers.

Simply put, control account offers a total amount for subsidiary accounts to prevent the general ledger from getting clogged with information from hundreds or thousands of individual accounts. Smaller companies may be able to rely on control accounts if  they remain balanced using double-entry accounting. With accounts receivable, as invoices go out the control account is debited, which increases the balance.

Advantages of a Control Account

The information posted to the accounts payable control account and the source of that information are shown in the table below. Accounting controls consists of the methods and procedures that are implemented by a firm to help ensure the validity and accuracy of its financial statements. The accounting controls do not ensure compliance with laws and regulations, but rather are designed example of control account to help a company operate in the best possible manner for all stakeholders. If you need to view a specific transaction, you would need to access the appropriate subsidiary ledger in order to view the details. Again, all of this information is automatically completed if you use accounting software. For more details regarding each of these subjects, you’ll have your subsidiary ledger.

example of control account

For example, an inventory control account will hold the balance amount between a stock account updated by stock transactions on the balance sheet and the value of stock on hand multiplied by its unit cost. Reasons for discrepancies include stock losses and gains yet to be “journaled” and the control account measures the differences and provides financial visibility and control of the value of those. If the discrepancy is significant, then actions such as stock counts can be triggered in order to validate stock and correct the balance sheet and clear the control account. The best way to approach the question is to consider each of thepoints above in turn and ask to what extent they affect (i) the payablesledger control account and (ii) the listing of payables ledgerbalances. For financial reports, the summary balances provided by the control accounts are generally all that’s needed for analysis.

Detective Controls

(1) A contra item of $1,500 has not been entered in the receivables ledger control account. Control accounts provide a résumé of all the individual accounts in the sales and purchases ledger. They give us a total which can be presented in a business’ statement of financial position. They’re also a means of double checking accounts, to make sure no mistakes have occurred.

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